Machu Picchu Tours: Machu Picchu means `old mountain´ in Quechua. It is a 550 year old citadel constructed by the most ahead of time (and last)pre Columbian society in the wonderful setting between two forest-adorned Andean summits that have been maintained to be observable as a city. It is high, 7,973ft above sea level. It is also big: the relics are the size of the village, and linked with neighboring forest and wilderness park, the `historical sanctuary´, according to UNESCO covers more than 116 square miles. It is also enigmatic, it’s functions were part residential and part religious, but no one fully knows the meaning and value of Machu Picchu to the Incas. Machu Picchu is positioned in humid semitropical forest, which provides a protected habitat for flora and fauna and various endangered species, prominently the spectacled bear. There are swirling clouds, llamas grazing on the plateau. You can arrive at Machu Picchu following a trek on mountain trails and/or a train trip through the valley of the Urubamba River (the Sacred Valley) or you can pick a package tour that lasts anything from 2 to 20 days.